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Urme culturale în jurul lumii
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Hula Dance, the Spirit of Hawaii, Part 1 of 2

00:19:50

Hula Dance, the Spirit of Hawaii, Part 1 of 2

The hula dance is an integral part of Hawaiian culture, and dates back 1,500 years ago, when the ancient Polynesians voyaged to Hawaii. In ancient Hawaii, there were different dances for various occasions. One of the rules in Hula dancing is “Kuhi no ka lima, hele no ka maka” or “Where the hands move, there let the eyes follow.” In other words, a dancer should always watch their hands at all times, rather than looking at the audience. In Hawaiian Hula dance, each movement, expression, and gesture is deliberate, with a specific meaning. “A hula dancer is a storyteller, you’re telling the story. So, if you’re talking about ‘This is my song.’ So of course you’re gonna be, your hands to your mouth and out, and because you want to give to your audience.” According to Hawaiian legend, the goddess of Hula is Laka, who is also the goddess of the forest, and watches over all vegetation. It’s believed that Goddess Laka provides inspiration for Hula dancers, and so many dancers today still pray to her for successful performances. With soothing music, and body movements connecting natural vibrations and energy, Hula is not only spiritual but also therapeutic.
Urme culturale în jurul lumii
2020-05-06   440 vizionări
Urme culturale în jurul lumii
2020-05-06

Bermuda - A Happy Place to Be

00:12:09

Bermuda - A Happy Place to Be

In today’s show, we will explore the history, culture, and natural wonders of Bermuda. Located in the North Atlantic off the east coast of North America, Bermuda is the oldest British colony. The water at beaches in Bermuda is always crystal-clear year round, making it a perfect relaxing destination for holiday vacations. Bermuda has a population of about 63,000 people, inheriting colorful cultures from descendants of mainly Native Americans, Africans, and Europeans, with a small percentage of Asians. Bermudians have a very distinct fashion sense, and the Bermuda shorts are renowned around the world. The people of Bermuda highly value social etiquette and are known for their good manners. The spirit of kindness and politeness is most exemplified by Mr. Johnny Barnes, a beloved figure in Bermuda. Mr. Barnes was a devout Christian. He credited the Lord Jesus Christ’s teachings on brotherly love as his inspiration. “Life is sweet, life is beautiful. No matter what happens in life, it is always sweet to be alive. Enjoy the sunshine, the flowers, the birds - they're happy.” Bermudians love nature and are avid wildlife conservationists. It is the biodiversity of Bermuda that makes it a truly special place. From old English ceremonies, to art festivals, concerts, and holidays, Bermudians embrace any chance to celebrate. In a culture of festivities, dancing and music is an essential part of everyday life. Bermuda music is a contributing factor to the overall Caribbean music genre. The Gombey dance is a symbol of Bermudan culture. One of the most notable events in Bermuda is the Gombey Festival, a celebration of African-Bermudan culture that usually takes place in September or October. Weekly events known as Harbor Nights are also held in Hamilton to showcase local musicians and performers. Every Wednesday night on Front Street, from May to October, outdoor arts and crafts are displayed. As if a testament to the colorful culture of Bermuda and its happy people, the majority of the artworks are bright water-color paintings inspired by the island’s vibrant hues of life.
Urme culturale în jurul lumii
2020-06-03   430 vizionări
Urme culturale în jurul lumii
2020-06-03

The Heiltsuk of British Columbia: Take a little, Leave a Lot

00:14:11

The Heiltsuk of British Columbia: Take a little, Leave a Lot

During our time together, we will learn about a resourceful group of individuals in Western Canada called the Heiltsuk. Most of the Heiltsuk today live in the village of Bella Bella. The Heiltsuk have a well-defined code of ethics and morality, which has historically been taught through their oral tradition, music, dance, and artwork. The word Heiltsuk literally means “to speak or act correctly,” which encompasses how people are to behave in everyday and ceremonial life. They have a well-defined system of traditional laws that have been upheld by their Hereditary Chiefs for thousands of years. They view these rules of their ancestors as the overriding principles for all resource use and environmental management. A core belief is that they should “take a little and leave a lot.” Fundamental to these ideas is the concept that all things are connected and unity is important to maintain. The Heiltsuk have historically been known as artisans who excelled in creating canoes, bentwood boxes, chests, ladles, and other objects. While there are certain aspects of Heiltsuk art that are shared with other groups in the Pacific Northwest, including crest imagery and totemic designs, each tribe has its own unique features and styles. As a maritime people, they used the canoe as their main form of transportation, trading, and communication with other groups for thousands of years. There were many varied styles that were made for different purposes, including ocean-going and river canoes, as well as ones for trading goods and freighting, ceremonies, transportation, and racing. The House of the Heiltsuk is a sacred place that is used for both governance and ceremony. It is where their ancestors visit them from the spirit world and where they can go back and forth between the worlds during ceremony. Step-by-step, the Heiltsuk have been working to strengthen and rejuvenate their cultural heritage, by finding ways to honor their customs and values while living and working in the modern age. As we have discovered today, they have great beauty to share with the world through their artistry and craftmanship, and a moral code of governance.
Urme culturale în jurul lumii
2020-07-21   429 vizionări
Urme culturale în jurul lumii
2020-07-21

The Tradition of Respecting the Elderly, Part 2 of 2

00:13:49

The Tradition of Respecting the Elderly, Part 2 of 2

Senior citizens are an invaluable source of precious wisdom and provide us with love, understanding, and advice whenever we are in need. In Greek culture, elders are associated with wisdom and closeness to God. In ancient times, sages and oracles were mostly associated with the wise older men and women. It was noted in the history of ancient Sparta that politeness for elders was customary. In Ancient Rome, elders were respected for their wisdom and virtue , and were often looked up to as role models for the young. In many European nations, especially northern countries such as Sweden, Norway, and Germany, are deemed the “best region in the world for the elderly.” Governments ensure their seniors are well cared for by providing quality healthcare and generous pensions. Africans regard their elders as treasures, and expected to pass down knowledge, beliefs, and precious traditions to the younger generations. In Australia, the native Aboriginal people believe that respect is an essential virtue everyone must have, and is the foundation of harmonious relationships between humans, and with the natural environment. Care and respect for our elders is also an important principle in many religious doctrines.
Urme culturale în jurul lumii
2020-03-11   383 vizionări
Urme culturale în jurul lumii
2020-03-11

The Waorani People – Pioneers and Protectors of the Amazon

00:16:27

The Waorani People – Pioneers and Protectors of the Amazon

Ecuador hosts a portion of the magnificent Amazon rainforest and is also home to the native Waorani people, also known as the Huaorani, Waodani, or the Waos. Like other indigenous tribes across the globe, the Waorani have a symbiotic relationship with the natural environment. The forest is their beloved space, and they rely on nature for sustenance, water, safety, emotional fulfillment, and comfort. Hence, they passionately seek to protect and preserve the forest and its resources for younger generations. Indeed, the forest is full of natural treasures, such as a range of plants that are thought to keep the Waorani people healthy and strong. Phytochemicals are biochemicals that plants make to survive. The plants use these chemicals to defend themselves against dangerous microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, fungi, and even certain parasites. Human cells have receptors that absorb these protective plant phytochemicals. The Waorani also rely on the forest in the construction of their homes. While Waorani society is reported to be quite egalitarian, with relative equality between men and women, many Waorani women, in particular, are boldly leading the people into the future and raising awareness of the necessity of forest protection.
Urme culturale în jurul lumii
2020-03-18   382 vizionări
Urme culturale în jurul lumii
2020-03-18

The iTaukei of Fiji: Islanders with Heart

00:13:16

The iTaukei of Fiji: Islanders with Heart

Today, we are going to travel to a quintessential tropical island paradise with balmy breezes to learn about an indigenous people whose ancestors came to this beautiful archipelago around 3,500 years ago. Fiji is truly spectacular and features white sand beaches, turquoise oceans, palm trees and fertile land. It’s no wonder the ocean-faring Melanesians, called the Lapita, who found their way to the islands decided to stay and make the archipelago their home. Today, most iTaukei continue to live in their villages with traditional governmental structures. One cultural experience that many tourists enjoy when in Fiji is visiting an indigenous community to observe their way of life. The ancient indigenous Fijians were an ocean-going people who, like many of the Melanesian and Polynesian cultures, built sea-worthy canoes whose capabilities show their civilization had achieved an impressive level of technological advancement. Architecture reveals to us the cultural values, traditions and beliefs of a society. The same can be said of the types of buildings found in Fijian villages, which reflect the influence of communal values that infuse life in Fiji. One of the most important structures is the valenivanua, which is the traditional meeting house or cultural space used by clan heads and the village chief. Meke is storytelling through song, dance and music. For generations, the indigenous Fijians have passed down their history, beliefs, traditions, morals and values through the meke. The Fijian people are as kind, warm and welcoming as their nation’s gentle breezes and tropical waters. May you have the unique opportunity to journey here one day to experience this paradise and the splendid native culture.
Urme culturale în jurul lumii
2020-08-19   375 vizionări
Urme culturale în jurul lumii
2020-08-19

Bartering - Exchanging Goods, Services and Friendship

00:15:40

Bartering - Exchanging Goods, Services and Friendship

Welcome to our program, “Bartering – Exchanging Goods, Services and Friendship.” Bartering was a system of trade introduced by the Mesopotamia tribes dating back to 6,000 BC. The Phoenicians adopted the system to trade goods with other cities across the oceans. An improved bartering system was developed by the Babylonians and was used to exchange goods for food, tea, spices, and other commodities. With the global adoption of a monetary system, simple bartering of goods and services between people is less practiced, but still exists in some parts of the world. In the Koraput region in India where over 48 indigenous communities live, bartering is still a common practice. Many villages in Malaysia still use bartering as their main means of trade. In recent years, bartering is making a comeback in Hawaii where people see each other as part of the ʻohana, or extended family. With this modern bartering system, people are able to trade services, talent and skills. In Africa, certain countries use bartering to help children get an education. In Nigeria, many schools allow parents to trade in used plastic bottles for their children’s school fees under the RecyclesPay Education Project, a campaign by the African Clean Up Initiatives. The barter system is practiced at an international level between large companies and countries using treaties and trade deals to exchange goods and services. It’s the perfect way for companies to clear obsolete or surplus inventory and achieve zero waste. There are many advantages of bartering. It’s economical and saves resources. Something you no longer use may just be the item someone else has been looking for. The exchange is also more direct, immediate, and personal. It’s an opportunity for interaction between people, a chance to form lasting friendships that are much more valuable. Supreme Master Ching Hai once hinted in a lecture in 1992 that one day, the Earth can even barter with beings from other planets…
Urme culturale în jurul lumii
2020-09-09   363 vizionări
Urme culturale în jurul lumii
2020-09-09

Traditional Musical Instrument: The Delightful European Recorder

00:19:37

Traditional Musical Instrument: The Delightful European Recorder

The recorder sings, excites, and soothes across the ranges of the upper musical spectrum. Historical mentions of the recorder, a member of the woodwind family, began to appear during the Renaissance in the 16th century. After a quiet interlude spanning several decades, the recorder was brought back into the mainstream at the end of the 19th century by certain virtuoso players such as Frans Brüggen. In the 20th century, there were two main branches of recorder development. One involved repertoire and performance enhancements, while the other focused on modern woodwind making. Originally, recorders were made of wood, but today's recorders are also constructed from other materials, including plastic, ceramic, and resin. Due to their rich and smooth tones, wooden recorders are often preferred in performances. The sound of the recorder is truly divine, as it takes us far away from worldly concerns.
Urme culturale în jurul lumii
2020-04-08   349 vizionări
Urme culturale în jurul lumii
2020-04-08

Moon Lute – A Traditional Aulacese (Vietnamese) Musical Instrument - Part 2 of 2

00:16:36

Moon Lute – A Traditional Aulacese (Vietnamese) Musical Instrument - Part 2 of 2

“The advantage of the Moon Lute is in its performance techniques including loud, soft, long, short notes, and fluttering and snapping sounds with significant depth. When playing the Moon Lute, we have to be dedicated, and make an effort to find its unique features. Otherwise, if we just play it casually, then we can’t make use of all the features of the instrument.” “When the Moon Lute is played, it sounds exceptionally beautiful. The artisan who plays the Moon Lute has to express a very strong style. Thus, the lead instrument of a folk musical orchestra must be a Moon Lute.” Mr. Trương Hùng Việt kindly shared with us some of his experiences in making a Moon Lute that meets optimum standard. “In order to produce a Moon Lute, a very special kind of wood is required for the lute to have good sound. Also, that way, the Moon Lute could last up to 100 years. Especially since it is a string instrument, the older it gets, the more wonderful its sound will be. But its special feature is in its neck, which must be made using the old bamboo culm. It does not matter how well a Moon Lute is made, if the bamboo is not old, then the sound can never be lively, but very dull.” Besides its uniqueness as well as its diverse performing techniques, the value of the Moon Lute is based on its ability to improvise many tones skillfullly, from soft, gentle to strong, majestic sounds. Until today, through many trials, The Moon Lute is still very dear to the Aulacese, faithfully conveying people’s feelings through its sounds. The Moon Lute has truly gained a special place in the hearts of art lovers. To conclude our program, we invite you to enjoy the song “To Be Able to Love You,” composed by Supreme Master Ching Hai, with the Moon Lute performance by a traditional folk music group, and illustrated dance by our Association members.
Urme culturale în jurul lumii
2020-07-29   347 vizionări
Urme culturale în jurul lumii
2020-07-29

The Resourceful Dorze People of Ethiopia

00:14:09

The Resourceful Dorze People of Ethiopia

The Dorze live in the Gamo Highlands of Southern Ethiopia and have a population of about 30,000. Living approximately 2,600 meters above sea level, this hospitable community is renowned for its creative members who are skillful cotton weavers and builders. The Dorze are famous for the architectural design and construction of their homes. The residences are 6 – 12 meters high and are made in the shape of an elephant’s head, often with two holes at the top that resemble the pachyderm’s eyes. Leaf sheaths of the enset, or the false banana plant, are used on the structures and can last a remarkable 10 – 20 years! The previously mentioned enset is a highly versatile plant that is much utilized by the Dorze. Although it doesn’t produce bananas, every part of it is still used in various practical ways. For example, the women prepare kocho, a type of flatbread, from the trunk and stem. Bula, a starchy white powder that can be utilized to make dumplings or porridge, also comes from the plant. The fibrous strands of the trunk are employed in the creation of houses, ropes, and a musical instrument known as the krar. The Dorze people show such remarkable resourcefulness and ingenuity by using this plant in such varied means! The Dorze love to sing and dance and have a deep appreciation for music. Their songs use polyphonic multi-part vocals where all members of the community are actively involved in the process of singing, clapping and celebrating. It is also a custom that the whole village sings before, during, and after funeral rites. The Dorze are also highly expressive in their weaving. In fact, their workmanship is admired so much that they have earned the reputation of being the finest cotton weavers in Ethiopia. In Addis Ababa, Ethiopia’s capital, the word Dorze is actually used as a synonym for weaving! Indeed, the Dorze people are skilled in many areas of life and are able to express themselves creatively through activities such as building and weaving as well as performing traditional songs and dances.
Urme culturale în jurul lumii
2020-06-12   332 vizionări
Urme culturale în jurul lumii
2020-06-12

Celebrating International Day of the World’s Indigenous Peoples- Loving Efforts to Resolve the Climate Crisis

00:13:22

Celebrating International Day of the World’s Indigenous Peoples- Loving Efforts to Resolve the Climate Crisis

The International Day of the World’s Indigenous Peoples is celebrated on August 9 annually, in recognition of the first meeting of the United Nations Working Group on Indigenous Populations that took place in 1982. On this day, the United Nations reminds us of the Native people’s contributions to the world. Globally, we honor their precious efforts to preserve and protect the planet for generations to come. Our show today highlights important work by Indigenous peoples worldwide to bring awareness of the need to safeguard our earth in light of accelerating global warming. Indigenous people around the globe maintain a deep connection with Mother Earth. They tirelessly campaign and advocate for the planet’s respect and protection, as well as carry out rituals, prayers and sacred ceremonies to help Mother Nature maintain balance. They constantly remind us of our interconnectedness. It is through this intrinsic connection that Indigenous groups on all continents have been keenly aware of global warming and the toll that it is taking. Hence, many Indigenous communities have been speaking out, trying to wake up the world to take action to protect our Earth. Indeed, many scientists are issuing similar warnings about our environment and the urgent need to safeguard it. And many Indigenous cooperatives, associations, committees and organizations have been formed to address environmental degradation. The groups also help with climate change adaptation. More Indigenous people are also adopting the vegan diet to protect the environment because of an increased awareness that animal livestock production is inherently cruel as well as the worst polluter and desecrator of the Earth. With the continued efforts of our Indigenous brothers and sisters, the future for our planet is becoming more optimistic!
Urme culturale în jurul lumii
2020-08-08   321 vizionări
Urme culturale în jurul lumii
2020-08-08

The Tradition of Respecting the Elderly, Part 1 of 2

00:15:40

The Tradition of Respecting the Elderly, Part 1 of 2

In this 2-part program, we celebrate the cultural traditions of respecting elders around the world across various religions. In Asian societies, honoring elders is one of the fundamental principles. For example, in the Chinese culture, there is a saying, “among hundreds of moral behaviors, the virtue of being filial comes first” The long tradition of Filial Virtue or Filial Piety is considered the highest virtue in Chinese culture. It is more than just respect, and also includes love, care for, support, and devotion to the elderly. Honoring the elders extends to older siblings, family members, teachers, and citizens of high position in the Chinese culture. This moral principle contributes to establishing a peaceful society. In Âu Lạc, also known as Vietnam, there are usually many generations living together in one household. This allows all the generations to support and care for one another. In almost all the cultures of the Orient, there is a common reverence for elders for their wisdom, lifelong hard work, and all the sacrifices for family.
Urme culturale în jurul lumii
2020-03-04   297 vizionări
Urme culturale în jurul lumii
2020-03-04

Taiwan (Formosa)’s Bunun People – Fascinating Legends, Beautiful Ceremonies

00:15:58

Taiwan (Formosa)’s Bunun People – Fascinating Legends, Beautiful Ceremonies

Among the Austronesian peoples of the world, the Bunun aboriginal group of Taiwan (Formosa) lives at the northernmost and highest point on Earth. They are known as the patron saints of Yushan Mountain, the island's tallest mountain. They have an orally-based culture with no written language, and they are also the ethnic group with the most ceremonies among Taiwan (Formosa)'s aborigines. Today, we explore the Bunun’s legends and rituals. The Bunun’s grandest festival is the harvest celebration. The pasibubut (eight-part polyphony) sung at the festival is a world-renowned traditional musical art form. While expressing the group’s best wishes and gratefulness to Heaven, the key point is the singers’ harmony and the sincerity in their hearts, rather than the prayer’s lyrics. The statues at the gate of Tao-yuan Primary School in Taitung County’s Yanping Township are unique. They are of a red-billed black bulbul and toad. These humble animals are the superheroes of a Bunun legend. The Bunun believe that the red-billed black bulbul originally did not have a red beak, red feet, or a black body, and the toad did not exist. The bird's appearance changed, and the toad was created because of saving the Bunun people. All ceremonies are regarded as important events by the Bunun people. For any ceremony, there will be group singing and dancing, just as pasibutbut (eight-part polyphony) is sung to Heaven during the harvest festival. The Bunun plant a staple food called millet. When millet is harvested, they hold a Homeyaya (Millet Offering) and sing to express their gratitude to Heaven. This is a Homeyaya song that the Bunun elders performed for us. Next is a song by the children from the Bunun Tao-yuan Primary School Choir, and is sung especially for our viewers! The meaning of the song is to thank and pray to Heaven and the ancestral spirits for a healthy environment and giving the Bunun people peaceful days!
Urme culturale în jurul lumii
2020-11-11   289 vizionări
Urme culturale în jurul lumii
2020-11-11

The Spiritual Sámi of Northern Europe

00:16:00

The Spiritual Sámi of Northern Europe

Today, we present some highlights of the Sámi culture, an indigenous culture present in the northernmost Nordic countries and the Kola Peninsula within the Murmansk Oblast of Russia. Traditionally, the bond between the Sámi and the natural land has been profound and sacred. They have historically lived their lives in accordance with nature. Deeply grounded in the understanding that from the earth comes life, the Sámi hold the view that all beings are threads in the same great fabric. Over history, they looked to nature for guidance and keenly observed symbols in everyday life such as cloud formations, changes in wind patterns and weather, and movements of animals. They watched for and learned from the rhythms of nature. To this day, the Sámi truly respect and cherish Mother Earth. The yoik also played an important role in shamanism. As a historically nomadic people, the Sámi preferred connection to the land over land ownership. Their kinship with nature was pure in the sense that they did not view land as something that could be divided and owned. They didn't erect fences or boundaries. Instead, their lifestyles focused on living in harmony with the natural spaces, using nature’s resources as wisely as possible, and respecting the earth's cycles. This deep respect continues to this day, and committed people of the Sámi culture have spoken out to remind humanity of the necessity to preserve our environment. We wish that the Sámi people continue to propagate their language and their cultural contributions like the yoik for the world to enjoy and celebrate. May we also take to heart their philosophy of treading lightly on our only planetary home.
Urme culturale în jurul lumii
2020-10-21   265 vizionări
Urme culturale în jurul lumii
2020-10-21

The Māori Tūhoe People- Guardians of the Sacred Te Urewera Rainforest

00:14:24

The Māori Tūhoe People- Guardians of the Sacred Te Urewera Rainforest

Today, we visit Oceania to learn about the Māori Tūhoe. New Zealand is a country located in the southwestern Pacific Ocean. It comprises two main islands, namely, the North Island and South Island plus about 600 other smaller islands. The nation has a population of about 5 million, of which the majority are of European descent, with the Māori forming the most significant minority and then followed by Asians and Pacific Islanders. The Māori call New Zealand Aotearoa. This means the “land of the long white cloud” in the Māori language. They are the original inhabitants of New Zealand, having arrived in the 14th century from Eastern Polynesia. A distinct group of about 40,000 Māori is called the Tūhoe people who are the focus of today’s program. Te Urewera, the Tūhoe’s homeland, is located in New Zealand's North Island. It covers approximately 2,127 square kilometers of rugged hill country and features vast blue-green lakes and fast-running north-flowing rivers. The individuals living in these areas take care of the rainforest. Te Urewera is extremely important to the Tūhoe people, as historically it has been their primary source of food, clothing, medicine, shelter and dignity. The Tūhoe people protect Te Urewera as a precious site via an ancient Māori practice known as kaitiakitanga, which means “guardianship,” through caring and maintaining the ecological system and environment. The key point of the practice is to understand the connection and relationship of people and nature. Humans are linked to the wild and need to protect and care for the mauri, or life force of the forests, rivers and lakes. This involves daily checking of the condition of the woodlands and water bodies through the observation and collection of data, replenishing and planting of native plants and trees, and safeguarding all habitats thus balancing the ecology within the rainforest and its surroundings. To the Tūhoe, mountains are significant places as they are the final resting place of their ancestors. Mountains are reflected in Tūhoe oral traditions, songs and haka or dance as significant symbols of identity. The Tūhoe certainly respect nature. We now share some examples of Tūhoe traditions.
Urme culturale în jurul lumii
2020-09-15   241 vizionări
Urme culturale în jurul lumii
2020-09-15
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