Hallo, eco-friendly viewers, and welcome to Planet Earth: Our Loving Home on Supreme Master Television.
farming is now a rising trend in greening the world’s environment.
Among the many countries involved in this sustainable agricultural
movement is Finland, one of the northern most countries on Earth.
Europe’s seventh-largest country, stretches across the Arctic Circle as
well as the Scandinavian and Kola Peninsulas. Her breathtaking
landscape was created by the recession of continental glaciers over
10,000 years ago.
Forests cover 69% of Finland and are often
found as a feature of the country’s numerous family farms. Even though
cold weather restricts agriculture, the nature-loving Finnish people
have created 155,000 hectares of certified organic farmland and the
government began to subsidize organic famers as early as the 1990s.
Finland’s organic farms continue to provide the very best of services to sustain the country’s biodiversity and ecosystem.
do Finland’s farmers maintain organic farming in their cold northern
climate? What new frontiers in organic agriculture can Finnish farmers
reveal to us?
Today, we will embark on a journey to visit an organic farm in Finland, the Labby Biodynamic Farm.
is Labby Farm in southern Finland. Labby is an organic farm and has
been that way for about 20 years now. Labby is an old farm. There has
existed a farm here for many hundreds of years, but in the late 1980s,
the owner of the farm Johan was then a young man and decided that he
wanted to turn the conventional farm into an organic and a biodynamic
And since then, a group of people or groups of people
have been working on the different parts of this farm. We grow here
both products on the fields, agricultural products, and then in the
gardens, which is where I work, produces herbs for tea and spices.
And on the fields is grown grain, bread grain, and, then green manure crops. About European
policy, one positive aspect is that they support the taking care of the
landscape, like the meadow areas you see behind us.
European Union gives farmers money for keeping animals out in the
pastures in order to keep the landscapes. In Finland, only 1% of the
meadow landscape that existed a hundred years ago is still remaining,
and there is many plants, insects and birds that only live in this kind
of landscape. So, the animals are doing nature conservation work and
are making biodiversity in this landscape.
Labby Biodynamic Farm, located on the Pernajanlahti Bay, aims toward
self-sufficient biodynamic cultivation. Forests, cultivated fields and
traditional biotopes together form a free home for calving cows, native
sheep and an indigenous horse.
The main products are spelt wheat, herbs and vegetables, which are processed into herbal tea and seasoning mixtures and muesli.
on the Labby Farm, the grain that is grown is turned into flour for
making bread, and oat flakes for making porridge, for example,
breakfast cereal which is made of spelt and other grains, and then it
has dried apples and sunflower seeds.
Spelt is an old variety
of wheat that has been grown in Europe for many hundreds of years but
which was almost forgotten, but luckily now, it’s been rediscovered.
Spelt is a very healthy, nutritious grain which for example, for people
who are ill, is very easy to digest and gives a lot of nutrients to
In our modern diet, you could say Western diet, there is
usually too much white grain and too little whole grain. White grain
has been basically stripped of everything except the starch.
whole grain, however, is a perfect nutrition for the human body because
it, in itself, contains the vitamins and enzymes which the body needs
to break down the starch.
That’s why when we eat grain, we should make sure that it’s not white, but a whole grain, if we want to live healthy.
farm, which exemplifies the concept of organic biodynamic farming,
offers learning opportunities for people who are interested.
treatment of soil, fertilizer and related green manure and compost
reveal the crucial differences between organic and conventional
Audio: Interview_Introduction of Labby Farm
conventional chemical agriculture, the soil is just a medium where the
plants are grown and chemicals are added to it. In organic agriculture,
the soil, the plant, the animal and the human make a living whole, a
living system where each part is important.
And an important
input to that is made by the cows, by the animals. On the farm, there's
cows and there’s sheep who are taking care of the valuable landscape
here, and they produce the manure that is the basis of our
In organic agriculture, the fertility of the
soil is guaranteed by use of compost, which is made from both animal
manure and of course plant materials and also kitchen waste. And this
compost brings more life to the soil.
It is food for the microorganisms and the worms and all the life that is within the soil. That is
the main difference between organic and conventional agriculture.
organic agriculture and organic gardening, the nutrients of the plants
must come from organic sources, whether it’s from animal manure or
composted plant waste or from natural nitrogen fixation.
is a real miracle of nature, the ability of bacteria that are living in
the roots of the leguminous plants like clover and peas and beans, are
able to fix nitrogen from the air. And this is one central theme in
The basic principle is that you should
have at least, let’s say, 30%, preferably up to 50% of the farm, each
year, should be under green manure.
That means growing clover mixed with hay that can then later be either fed to the animals or then composted.
farming is a specific type of organic farming. Biodynamic agriculture
treats soil, plants, animals and the ecology as a unified organic
Austrian philosopher and spiritualist Rudolf Steiner
first coined the term “biodynamic farming” in the 1920s. He saw farming
as a series of work projects to keep up with the cosmic calendar, which
he called “the breath of the Earth.”
He invented the method of
using nine preparations to apply to the soil, plants and compost. These
preparations serve as both nourishment and medicine for the soil,
plants and in certain ways, human beings.
Steiner’s nine biodynamic preparations are made of special organisms,
such as yarrow, chamomile, dandelion or valerian flowers, stinging
nettle or oak bark.
Not only are the farms self-sufficient, but they also offer visitors an opportunity to enjoy the fresh products.
Here on the Labby Farm we also try to make it possible for visitors to come and buy products directly from the farm.
for example, is our own garlic and tomatoes, fresh food which is very
much a different thing than eating food that has been stored for long
periods of time in shops or warehouses.
And then we have, for example, beans and peas and pasta and tomato concentrates as well as
detergents and other substances for cleaning. And we have an ecological
coffee and many other organic products in our shop at Labby.
is more telling about the exquisite quality of Finnish flora than the
herbs in the gardens of the Labby Biodynamic Farm. The process of
transforming herbs into tea embodies both the love of nature and the
essence of Finnish flora.
So the organic herbs products that we make here are processed here in this room. We work by hand, really, with the herbs.
basically, we mix, make different kinds of mixtures of herbs for spices
and for tea. And of course what we are aiming for there is besides just
good taste, we want to make products that are healthy for people who
One very good medicinal herb that can be grown
anywhere in the world is calendula. It’s this orange flower. It is
perfect for all kinds of infections and we use it in many of our tea
products as one of the ingredients. Calendula can also be made into
creams and many kinds of medicines or products.
has purple flowers and the taste is of anise or licorice. It has a
little bit similar taste, actually, to the star anise, which is a
familiar herb from Eastern cooking.
We grow the herbs on our
farm but we also buy them from elsewhere. For example this star anise
that we are using is organically grown in Vietnam (Âu Lạc). It’s a
great thing that organic agriculture is spreading around the world.
we want to also, through our small part, help that by buying products
from those people who grow them in other countries also.
artistic herbal tea bags express nature’s very own creative spirit. As
our journey approaches its end today, we would like to thank all the
organic and biodynamic farmers in Finland and worldwide for their
dedicated efforts in preserving a science that is helpful in preserving
our planetary home.